Ace - A pit dog of exceptional ability and skill, with more wins than a grand champion, over the best. This is also the title awarded to weight pulling champions.

Acral Pruritic Dermatitis - An easily accessed sor on tfoot or leg, caused by constant liking until hair rubs off, skin gets r ed and shiny, itching and swelling begins; boredom sore; lick granulomas; lick sore.

ADBA - American Dog Breeders Association; The American Pit Bull Terrier Registry since 1909. The largest registry of American Pit Bull Terriers. This registry only registers the APBT.

Adenovirus - An infection causing respiratory disease which in severe cases may include pneumonia and broncopneumonia

Afterbirth - The placenta and involved membranes expelled from the uterus after delivery

Alaunt - A large Irish fighting dog, now extinct in a pure form. Part of the American Pit Bull Terriers heritage.

Albendazole - A brood-spectrum wormer for internal parasites, anthelmintic.

American Pit Bull Terrier - The American game bred fighting dog, bred from the original Bulldog and diverging original Bulldog variations, used for baiting, fighting, and hunting in England, Ireland, Scotland and Spain, and for similar purposes since ancient times. The American Pit Bull Terrier being the most effective fighting dog ever developed. The most versatile and obedient canine in the history of man and dogs. The greatest, separate and distinct breed of dog

American Staffordshire Terrier - A separate show portion of the American Pit Bull Terrier, known as the AKC registered Staffordshire Terrier beginning 1936. American was later affixed to distinguish the difference between the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. The American Staffordshire Terrier has been bred along different lines than the American Pit Bull Terrier for purposes similar to all show breeds. They have obtained outstanding show conformation. The AKC show dogs are now being infused into the American Pit Bull Terriers through single registrations and some American Pit Bull Terriers are being bred similar to show breeds.

Amoxicillin - A powerful antibiotic used to prevent bacteria from mutiplying.

Ampicillin - A powerful antibiotic used to prevent bacteria from multiplying.

Analgesia - The loss of ability to feel pain with the loss of the power to move a part of the body or consciousness.

Anal Gland - A gland located 2 inches inside the rectum on males and females for alimentary canal elimination. Draining frequently improves coat, health, and guards against infections.

Anaphylactic Shock - Shock caused from allergic reaction, injection or trauma; anaphylaxis.

Anesthetic - Producing insensibility to pain or sensation.

Anestrous - When a female does not come into heat or breeding season.

Anestrus - The duration of reproductive rest, three to six months.

APBA - American Pit Bull Association

APBT - American Pit Bull Terrier

Applehead - A round topskull, a domed skull.

Arsenic - An irritant poison used by farms and gardeners. Licking this poison causes lameness, stiffness, pain.

Arthritis - Inflammation of the joints, can be associated with rheumatism, causes lameness, stiffness, pain.

Artificial Insemination - To artificially introduce semen into a females genitalia without copulation.

AST - American Staffordshire Terrier Atravism- The appearance of ancestral traits not found in more immediate gerenrations of ancestors; reversion; throw back.

At Stud - A male dog being offered publicly for breeding services; open to stud; stud service.

Axle Tree - The iron rod on which a wheel turns or similar, for attaching a chain setup to ground; axle.

Babesia - A protozoal organism that infects red blood cells, producing anemia similar to malaria; babesiosis

Badger Baiting - The old English sport of baiting badgers with dogs. Balantitis- Inflammation at the end of the penis, covered by the prepuce or sheath due to bacteria or injury.

Barren - To be unproductive or unable to produce live gametes or offspring, not bearing, not fertile, not fertilized, not potent, not pregnant, impotent; infertile; infertility; sterile; sterility.

Bat Ear - An erect carried ear, rounding at top, revealing the burr of the ear.

Battle Cross - To outcross a pure line in hopes of improving bravery, heroism, and vigor

Bear Baiting - The old English sport of baiting or attacking bears with dogs

Beauty Spot - Usually roundish colored hair on a blaze of another color

Beefy - Over-development particularly of the hindquarters Bellymate- A full brother or sister from the same breeding or litter.

B.I.S. - Best In Show

Bitch - The female dog

Black - The darkest color, sometimes appearing with lighter hue or tint

Black and Tan - A black coat with tan marking s above eyes on chest, feet, legs, muzzle, often with preferred white on chest and feet

Black Country - A place near Birmingham, England where pit fighting was big at the turn of last century. They bred only for gameness by process of elimination, culling

Black Nose - The common black leather colored nose exhibited on American Pit Bull Terriers of all coat colors

Bladebone - The scapula or shoulder bone

Blaze - A white mark or stripe on the face or head, usually between the eyes

Bloat - A gassy swelling of the abdomen often caused by water soaked forage

Blocky - A square head

Bloodline - A line of descent; record of ancestry; pedigree.

Blood Vessel - A tube for the circulation of blood

Blood Stopper - A powder for the checking and stopping of minor bleeding

Bloom - Dogs in top condition are in full bloom; glossiness of coat

Blue Paul - A grizzle colored Scottish fighting dog of the middle 1800's originally known as a Blue Poll, now extinct in a pure form. Part of the American Pit Bull Terriers heritage. Often of other colors

Boar Baiting - The sport of baiting or attacking boars with dogs

Bordetella - A bacterial affecting the upper respiratory, bronchi; bordetella brontisetica.

Bossy - Over-development of the shoulders Boston Bull Dog- A small plucky dog from northeast New England down from American Pit Buoo Terriers and Bul breed crosses, used for farming , hunting and protection, rare in a pure for; Old Boston Bull.

Bow Legged - To have crooked legs, each bent outward like a bow.

Breaking Stick - A round or wedge shaped stick used for the parting of fighting dogs; parting stick

Breech - To deliver offspring hips first

Brindle - A mixture of dark streaks with lighter colors such as brown, buckskin, red, and yellow; brindled

Brisket - The part of the body between the chest and neck, the front part of the chest

Broken Color - A color broken by white or another color

Bronchitis - Acute or chronic inflammation of the bronchi lining, caused by bacteria or distemper, causing violent cough and refusing food.

Brood Bitch - A female used for breeding; matron

Brown - A chocolate, cocoas or coffee color, the combination of black, red and yellow makes brown.

Brucellosis - A highly contagious and infectious disease associated with abortion in bitches in the last quarter of gestation, sterility, and stillbirths. A testicle trouble in male dogs. It can be diagnosed through blood tests. Infected dogs should be isolated

Buckskin - A light bay color; a pale fawn or wheaten

Bulbous Uretha - A hard round selling of the bulbous gland around the base of the Os penis during erection and intercourse, locking dog and bitch together during coitis due to a spasm as the vaginal muscle contracts.

Bull Baiting - The sport of baiting or attacking bulls with dogs

Bull Club - A cudgel once used to beat a bull until it expired

Bulldog - The original Bulldog, an old time dog of strong muscular build, used in the sport of baiting bulls, remarkabe for its courage; a nickname for the American Pit Bull Terrier; The brachycephalic type show dog with physical setbacks that descended from the original Bulldog

Bull Fight - The sport of baiting a bull in public view

Bull Running - The old English sport of chasing bulls with men, women, and Bulldogs

Bull Snap - A strong device for attaching a pit dog to a chain

Bull Terrier - A show dog of three varieties, once used in rat pits, of Bulldog and Terriers; the offspring of a Bulldog and Terrier

Burr - The inside part of the ear visible to the eye

Butterfly Nose - A parti-pigment colored nose

Button Ear - The edge of the ear which folds to cover the opening of the ear by doubling upon itself.

Caesarian Section - A choice of midline or through the flank, the uterus is exposed, incision made in body to carefully remove each pup through the opening ; incisions are often closed with sutures: caesar; caesarian.

Canine - K-9; Animals of the family Canidae, which include fox, jackal, wolf and dog; a large conical shaped tooth

Canines - The four large conical shaped teeth in the front of the mouth between the first bicuspids and the incisors

Carpet mill - A sided rectangular designed treadle for treading a dog in place to condition and exercise with emphasis on lungs; slat mill; straight mill; treadmill.

Castrate - The surgical removal of the testicles on a male dog

Catch Dog - A dog used for catching large wild game

Catch Weight - A heavyweight dog

Cat Foot - Round, tight, high arched feet with well developed knuckles resembling a cats; opposite of a splay-foot

Catmill - A T-shaped pole cemented in the ground with a swivel device allowing it to turn in a circle, with a harnessed dog on one end of the crossbar and caged bait such as a cat or coon on the other end, used for conditioning and shaping; horse-mill Cerebral Hemorrhage- A rupture of one or more blood vessels in the brain causing loss of limbs or paralysis; stroke.

Chain Fighter - A dog who constantly bites and wrestles with the chain setup, ruining enamel on his teeth.

Chain Setup - The accessories for properly attaching a dog kept on a chain, including axle tree, bull snap, chain, dee rings, eye bolt, links, rings, swivels, can include bedding, feeding, housing, and yard space.

Chain Weight - The weight of a dog right off a chain or directly from its natural housing

Champion - CH.; recognized on paper as winning a specified amount of contract matches

Character - The general appearance or _expression that is typical of the breed or dog; trait

Cheeky - Fat, protruding or thick cheeks

Cherry Eye - The inner tear gland surface of the third eyelid enlarges outward, exposing a red cherry-like growth at the nasal corner of the eye, duet to infection.

Chest - The part of the chest which extends between the forelegs from the brisket to the belly, not the brisket

Chops - Jowls or pendulous lips; flews

Chorea - A damaged nervous system causing uncontrollable twitching of various muscles, fits, and paralysis.

Chromosomes - Any of the bodies in the nucleus of a cell that contain chromatin and genes that carry heredity before cell division takes place; they occur in pairs, one derived from the mother, the other from the father

Cleft Palate - A serious defective gap of structures forming the roof of the mouth.

Cloddy - Thick set; plodding

Cobby - Short-bodied; compact; well ribbed

Coccidiosis - An intestinal of parasitic nature and origin

Collar - Usually a white marking, resembling a collar around the neck; a band or chain worn around the neck

Colloids - Plasma protein albumin and synthetic complex carbohydrate solutions. A one to one blood loss replacement, to expand blood volume and pull tissue into the blood stream

Colostrum - A secretion of the mammary gland of the bitch following birth that acts as a purgative for the young and contains antibodies

Conditioned Weight - The most effective performance weight of a pit dog; match weight; pit weight.

Conditioner - A person who conditions and shapes a pit dog for a pit contest Conjunctivitis- Inflammation of the lining membrane covering the eyelids inner sides and surface of the eyeball up to the cornea, causing a discharge, caused by allergens, foreign bodies, misdirected hairs, wind, funal and parasitic infection; other tyhpes include follicular conjunctivitis and ophthalmia neonatorium.

Constipation - A condition in which the feces is hard packed, bowel elimination is difficult and infrequent.

Coprohagy - To feed on dung or feces; coprophagous

Corky - Active and alert; lively and spirited

Corona Virus - An infection resulting in enteric disease characterized by sudden onset of vomitting and diarrhea, similar to a mild case of parvovirus.

Couplet - A device for a brace of dogs

Couplings - The body between the withers and the hip bones, being long or short coupling

Coryza - Inflammation of nasal mucous membrane, nostils are discharginf, reddened, sneezing, swollen, nasal catarrh; rhinitis.

Courage - The attitude of facing and dealing with anything recognized as dangerous, difficult or painful, instead of quitting or withdrqing from it, the quality of being brave or fearless; heart; spirit; valor.

Courtesy Scratch - To face the dogs in the pit and release the loser to see if he will attempt to cross the pit and fight, thereby testing gameness

Cow Hocked - When the hocks turn inward or toward each other like a cows

Crate - A portable kennel cage for containing or transporting dogs during short periods. It is also used as a dog house for indoor dogs. Crates are used in house breaking pups. Crating.

Crest - The arched portion of the back of the neck

Cropping - To trim the ear leather and cause ears to stand erect

Crossbred - The breeding together of two dogs with no dogs in common in their bloodlines, not controlling desired characteristics while obtaining new characteristics; open pedigree; outbreeding; out crosss.

Crown - The topskull; the highest part of the head

Cryptorchid - A male dog with neither testicle visible

Crystalloids - A solution used for replacing electolytes lost through bleeding, dehydration, etc:ringers lactate.

Cull - The process of eliminating undesirable characteristics

Culotte - The long hair on the back of the thighs

Cur - Any dog which curs out, or any breed of dog except a game pit dog; an inferior dog

Cur out - To quit from a lack of gameness

Cushing’s Syndrome - A growth or tumour of the adrenal glands due to a disfunctional pituitary gland at the brains base, causing abnormal estrus, excessive drinking, excessive urination, hair losss.

Cushion - Fullness of upper lips

Cutter - A term for the canine teeth taken from many years of use with gamecocks. Neither dogs or gamecocks have a cutting action. After the permanent canines cut through the gums, they are frequently examined for bite and condition

Cystitis - A disease of the urinary tract which is characterized by infection and inflammation in the bladder

Dead Game - Lifelessness from a courageous, dexterous, obstinate, spontaneous mode of action Deafness- The dog can not hear but can live happily in familiar environment, common in albino wr white dogs.

Defang - To remove a canine tooth that has penetrated a dogs own lip and is stuck there.

Defanger - A tool used to remove a canine tooth that has penetrated a dogs own lip and is stuck there.

Dee Ring - A device attached to a collar for attaching a bull snap

Defacate - To pass stool

Dehydration - An excess fluid loss of minerals known as electrolytes. Fluid therapy is needed

Demodectic Mange - Red Mange; Demodex; a hereditary skin condition caused by a parasitic mite living in hair follicles, causing patches of hair loss

Dermatitis - Inflammation of the skin

Dew Claws - The claw on the inside of the legs just above and behind the foot; meat claw

Dewlap - The loose, pendulous skin under the throat

Diet - A selected assortment of foods designed for a specific purpose

Distemper - A high mortality viral disease, highly contagious, which spreads through secretions of nose, eyes, or direct oral contact, similar to the germ that causes measles in people Dog- An animal of the family Canidae; Canine; an animal relate or similar to the coyote, dingo, fox, hyena, jackal and wolf; a mean and contemptible fellow; a device for gripping or holding.

Dogged - To follow or hunt like a dog; dogging

Dog Pit - An area of specific dimensions for the betting, holding, testing, and viewing of fighting dogs

Dog Skin - Leather made from the hide of a dog

Dog Trot - A gentle trot

Dogue De Bordeaux - A purebred of Bulldog and Mastiff resembling the character of the original Bullmastiff; a Bordeaux Mastiff

Drag Fight - During a contest when dogs spend long intervals out of hold

Drain - A means of providing a discharge of fluids from a wound

Drop - The step up from the nose to the skull between the eyes; stop

Drop Ears - Ears that lay flat and hang down past the leather of the button ear, known as miscarried ears; opposite of fly ears

Dudley Nose - A flesh colored pigmentation of the nose

Ear Mange - Otodectic Mange; ear mites suck lymph fluids through the walls of the ear canal causing infection. A brownish smelly ooze is present deep down in the canal

EBA - Endangered Breed Association; an organization of the American Dog Breeders Association for the support of American Pit Bull Terriers and other breeds being discriminated against

Eclampsia - A deficiency in the mother’s capacity to supply enough calcium for the development of bones and teeth, causing paddling, spasms, stiffening, trembling, exhaustion, heart failure; mil fever.

Eczema - An inflammatory skin disease caused by sensitivity

Edema - Tissue swelling due to escape of watery fluid from the blood vessels

Elbow - The joint between the forearm and the upper arm

Elbows Out - Turning out or away from the body, not held close to the sides

Entrolyte - An oral formula which provides a vital nourishment by replacing electrolytes and fluid.

Epinephrine - A product of the adrenal gland capable of raising blood pressure Epulis- A tumour growth, constantly bleeding often in the gum at the base of a tooth.

Estrus - The female has a pale colored discharge and accepts males; standing heat; breeding season.

Ewe Neck - Curvature of the top of the neck

Eye Bolt - A device affixed to a permanent area such as a building for attaching a chain setup. Facial Paralysis- The jaw muscles are paralysed more or less, mouth twisted tongue hangs to side, due to damaging the trigeminal nerve at the base of the ear and down side of face.

Fallow - A reddish buckskin; extremely pale yellowish brown; fawn; Isabella; wheaten; fawn was originally known in England, Ireland, and Scotland as fallow.

False Pregnancy - All the signs of a real pregnancy

Family - A formation of the same breed that are interrelated and exihibit uniformity of type which may distinguish from other members of the same breed, other families, or other strains and includes the sire, dam, offspring and ancestors of one yard; inheited quality; stock.

Fancy - A fancied, not ordinary coat color characterized by variety

Fanged - When a fang has penetrated a dogs own lip and is stuck there

Fangs - The four large teeth in the front of the mouth known as canines

Farmed Out - The placing and agreements of a dog at a different location or yard

Fawn - A dark buckskin; extremely pale yellowish-brown; isabella; wheaten; originally known in Europe as fallow

Febendazole - A brood spectrum wormer for internal parasites, anthelmintic.

Feces - Material passed by the rectum

Fecund - To be productive or able to produce live gametes or offspring, bearing, pregnant decundity, fetitle; fertility, Potent.

Femur - The large heavy bone of the thigh Fertile- To be productive or able to produce live gametes or offspring, bearing, pregnant decundity, fetitle; fertility, Potent.

Fibrositis - Inflammation of the muscle fibers.

Fiddle Front - Forelegs out at elbows, pasterns close, feet turned out

Flank - The side of the body between the last rib and the hip

Flare - A blaze that widens

Flat Sided - Ribs not properly rounded as they meet the breast bone

Flea - A common parasite found on the skin that lives by feeding on blood, causing itching and scratching

Fles - The jowls or pendulous lips; chops.

Flirt Pole - A long lighter weight pole used to exercise, condition, and shape a dog by attaching hydes, knots, overalls, tire tubes, etc. to a rope and manually operating horizontally in a circular motion, up and down; a manually operated cable or rope running along a 90 degree post or 45 degree angled post with attached hydes, knots, overalls, tire tubes, etc. hanging from the end and pulled up and down from the opposite end

Fly Ear - An erect carried ear, outward, revealing the burr of the ear

Flying Ginny - A catmill; horsemill

Follicular Mange - A skin condition caused by parasitic mites living in hair follicles which cause patches of hair loss; demodectic mange; demodex; red mange.

Forearm - The bone of the foreleg between the elbow and pastern

Foreface - muzzle

Foreign Body - A profuse slobbering due to a subject lodged in the roof of mouth or between teeth.

Fracture - A break in a bone

Front - The forepart of the body as viewed from the front

Frostbite - Dead tissue as a result of extreme cold

Furrow - An indentation or median line down the center of the skull to the top skull

Game - Courageous, dexterous, obstinate, spontaneous; bravery and heroism from a noble and self sacrificing devotion; a contest lasting until a result is obtained

Gamedog - A proven game, deep game or dead game fighting dog

Gameness - A very hard to obtain, courageous, dexterous, obstinate, spontaneous grade of game. Once obtained it is very hard to hold onto. Once lost it is impossible to obtain again, except through sheer luck occasionally or many years of breeding, conditioning, and culling

Gamester - A person who makes a business of gambling

Game Test - To test the degree of gameness by consecutively rolling and scratching a dog after tiring, to a fresh dog

Gastro -enteritis - Inflammation of the stomach and intestines

GDR - Game Dog Breeders Registry

Gaze - A fixed, earnest look; a long, intent look; a dog who gazes or stares.

Gene - A determiner in a chromosome having an important part in the transmission and development of inherited characteristics

Genetics - The mechanisms of heredity, sex determination, variation and the transmission of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms

Genotype - An individuals hereditary makeup as distinguished from the actualization of the genes

Gestation Period - The duration of normel pregnancy in the dog, about 63 days

G.I.S. - Gamest In Show.

Gland - An organ composed of secreting cells Glasgow Smut- A small Scottish fighting dog of various colors, now extinct in a pure form. Part of the American Pit Bull Terriers heitage.

Glossy - A smooth shiny appearnace of the coat; glossiness.

Gonad - A reproductive organ; an ovary or testicle

Goose Rump - Too steep or sloping a croup

Grand Champion - GR. CH.; recognized on paper as winning a specified amount of contract matchs, more than a champion

Grinder Bite - When the dentation and jaws meet exact; level bite; pincer bite

Grizzle - A bluish-gray color; iron-gray Gum- The flesh covering the jaws, inside the mouth, surrounding the base of the teeth, yawn.

Gummed - To bite and chew with no teeth in gusm; gumming

Hair Lip - A malformed separation between the two halves of the upper lip

Ham Shackle - TO firmly fasten the head to either of the forelegs

Ham String - A tendon in back of the knee.

Handle - To manage a pit dog in a pit contest; the tail, looks similar to a pump handle and has a hand grip after the root, in line with the croup. Once held to start and stop a contest

Handler - A person who manages a pit dog in a pit contest

Hangers - The large teeth known as canines

Hard Mouthed - A dog that bites hard leaving marks on the opponent

Hard Pad - A virus that attacks the skin of feet and nose. A form of distemper

Hare Foot - A narrow foot

Harness - A means for working a dog that usually attaches around the brisket, chest and neck areas

Heartworm - Adult worms live in the right side of the heart, heart valves, lungs, arteries, and veins. Death can occur. It can be diagnosed through a blood test. Prevention is recommended Heat- The breeding season, estrus cycle

Heat Cycle - The changes and duration of breeding seasons, often six to twenty days every six to eight months; estrus cycle.

Heatstroke - Dazed condition, rapid breathing, temperature, vomiting, and collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat

Height - Vertical measurement from the shoulders or withers to the ground

Hemorrhage - Profuse escape of blood from a blood vessel; bleeding

Hemotoma - A contained area of fluid beneath the skin, hemorrhage.

Hepatitis - A sometimes fatal viral disease characterized by hepatic and generalized endotheliall lesions

Heredity - The transmission of characteristics of the progenitor

Hernia - A protrusion through a tear in the wall of all or part of an organ;a protrusion of part of the intestine through the abdominal muscles; hernias; rupture.

Hock - The tarsus bones or lower joint of the third leg; heel.

Hooked Up - An agreement or contract for dogs to match into each other

Hookworm - A small thin worm that fastens to the wall of the small intestines and draws blood from the intestinal wall

Hock - The tarsus bones or lower joint of the third leg; heel

Honest Bulldog - A game American Pit Bull Terrier

Honey Cyst - A cyst under the tongue or jaw, formed by a salivary duct blockage; ranula.

Hormonal Baldness - THe coat falls out around rear and tail after whelping due to a hormone deficiency.

Horse Mill - A heavy post affixed or cemented in ground with a swivel device allowing an attached crossbar to turn in a 360 degree circle parrallel to ground with a harnessed dog on one end and caged bait on opposite end for conditioning and exercising, catmill; flying ginny.

Hot Spots - Quarter shaped spots of infection on a dogs skin characterized by a crusty or raw appearance

Hucklebones - The top of the hip bones

Humerus - The bone of the upper arm

Hybrid - The offspring produced by crossbreeding two different pure lines, families or strains of the same or different breeds; hybridism; hybridity.

Hybridize - TO produce hybrid, double hybrid or breed only hybrid, possibly to mix or improve inherited characteristics deliberately; hybridization; hybridizer.

Hybrid Vigor - The extraordinary quality caused by hybridizing in which inherited characteristics such as energy, force, health, intensity, power, resistance, strength and vitality are greater than the originator or progenitor; heterosis; heterotic.

Hydrophobia - A biral disease that affects the nervous system and damages the brain; rabies.

Hypothermia - A below or less than normal body temperature, subnormal.

Hypothy roidism - A loss of harir, baldness, fatness or laziness caused by a deficiency of thyroxine.

Hypovolemia - A severe loss of body fluid, body fluids must be replaced immediately

Hysteria - The dog goes crazy, racing blindly and howling before convulsion, once common in England, Ireland, and Scotland.

Immunity - The amount of protection against disease or infection, the process of rendering a dog immune.

Impotent - To be unproductive or unable to produce live gametes or offspring; not bearing, not fertile, not fertilized, not pregnant, barren, infertile, infertility, sterile, sterility.

Inbreeding - The mating of closely related animals

Incisors - The teeth between the canines in the front of the mouth used for dividing and separating

Infertile - TO be unproductive or unable to produce live gametes or offspring; not bearing, not fertile, not fertilized, not pregnant, barren, infertile, infertility, sterile, sterility.

Intramuscular - Injecton into a vein or veins.

Intravenous - Injection into a vein or veins

Intravenous Fluid - A solution for treating dehydration, injury, shock, etc., such as saline or lactated ringers.

Ivermectin - A brood spectrum wormer for the treatment of internal and external parasites.

Jackchain - An endless chain formed like a figure 8 for moving logs, furnished with projecting dogs.

Jowls - The flews or pendulous lips; chops.

Judge - An experienced person appointed to decide or pass judgement at a pit contest. He must understand the pit rules agreed upon

Keep - The housing, method, and place of managing and conditioning a dog, and the dog

Kennel - A dog house or shelter; a place where dogs are bred

Kennel Cough - A highly contagious disease causing a harsh spastic cough that spreads quickly

Kennel Lameness - A lameness often due to a deficiency in the diet.

Kink Tail - An abruptly bent tail, appearing broken.

Knock - Kneed- To have both knees bent inward.

Lactated Ringer - A solution used for replacing electrolytes lost through bleeding, dehydration, etc; crystallids; ringers lactate.

Lactation - The period of milk secretion

Laryngitis - Inflammation of the voice box, larnyx, at the back of the throat, which controls air supplies.

Layback - A receding nose and undershot jaw

Leather - The flap of the ear

Leptospirosis - A dangerous and bothersome viral infection because it affects many organs before lodging itself in the kidneys

Levasole - A brood spectrum wormer for the treatment of internal and external parasites.

Level Bite - The dentation and jaws meet exact; grinder bite; pincer bite.

Lick Sore - An esily accessed sore on foot or leg caused by constant kicking until hair rubs off and skin gets red and shiny, itching and swelling begins; acral pruritic drmatitis; boredom sore; lick granulomas.

Line Breeding - The mating of related animals less closely related than inbreeding

Lippy - Lips that do not meet exact and overhang

Litter - The entire amount of offspring delivered or whelped at one time, the bellymates.

Loaded Shoulders - Shoulders out of alignment due to overweight or over-development

Loin - A part of the body between the last ribs and the hindquarters

Lumber - Excess fat on a dog

Lungs - Organs of respiration

Luxuating Patella - A dislocation or luxation of the knee cap or patella situated in the stifle, a ligament can be damaged causing hind leg lameness and pain.

Mandible - The lower jaw bone

Marrow - A soft substance filling the space within bones

Mask - Shading of the foreface

Mastitis - Inflammation of the mammary gland

Match - A contest; a game; to place in competition against each other

Menstruation - The periodic discharge of bloody fluid from the uterus of female mammals in connection with preperation for ovulation

Merle - A marbled like appearance

Metritis - Inflammation of the uterus

Molars - Rear teeth used for actual chewing

Monorchid - A male dog with only one testicle visible

Muscular - Pertaining to strong muscles that make movement possible

Muzzle - The nose and jaws in front of the eyes; foreface

NAPBTA - National American Pit Bull Terrier Association; an organization of the United Kennel Club since 1981 for the support of American Pit Bull Terrier show dogs

Nape - The back of the neck

Natural Ears - Uncropped ears

Nose Bleed - The usual cause is injury to the nasal tissue, there can be many causes. Ice packs usually help, coagulants may be necessary

Nucleus - The consolidated body within the cell containing the chromosomes

Oestrus - Breeding season; heat

Offspring - A descendant or descendants

Old Family - A late 1800's strain of various colored imported Irish pit dogs, named for the practice of close inbreeding for gameness

Old Family Reds - A formation of the Old Family that once was pure of other lines and exhibited red, white, or red and white colors with pigmentation and claw color matching

Old Family Red Nose - A formation of the Old Family Reds that once was pure of other lines and exhibited a copper leather colored nose, known as a red nose. Some dog men called them pinkeys in an inferior way

Open To Match - A dog of specific weight being offered to match into equal weight; open weight

Open To Stud - A male dog being offered publicly for breeding services; stud service; at stud

Out At Shoulder - Shoulder blades set on outside

Outbreeding - Outcross; open pedigree; crossbred; when two dogs are bred together with no dogs in common in their pedigree. Not controlling desired characteristics or obtaining new characteristics

Overshot - The upper incisor teeth overlap the lower teeth of the lower jaw; over-bite

Pads - The underside or soles of the feet

Pallor - Paleness; pale pink or white gums and mouth

Parainfluenza - A common viral upper respiratory disease

Parasite - An organism that thrives upon another living thing without making any compensatory effort

Parti -Colored - Variegated with patches of two or more colors

Parvovirus - This infection results in enteric disease characterized by sudden onset of vomiting and diarrhea, often hemorrhagic leukopenia frequently accompanies clinical signs

Pastern - The bones that form the joint between the radius and the metacarpals

Pedigree - A line of descent; record of ancestry; bloodline

Penicillin - A powerful antibiotic made from a common green fungus mold, used to prevent bacteria from multiplying, as in infected wounds

Phenotype - The individuals appearance or performance and the observable outcome of interaction between the environment and its genotype

Pick -Up - Grabbing a dog by the nape of the neck while pulling up as you wrap your arm underneath the dog

Pied - Large patches of two or more colors, one being white; parti-colored; piebald

Pig Jaw - An exaggeration of an overshot jaw

Pile - Soft hair in the undercoat

Pit - An area of specific dimensions for the betting, holding, testing, and viewing of fighting dogs or various contests

Pit Bull - The American Pit Bull Terrier; a nickname to distinguish the original Bulldog from the brachycephalic type English Bulldog

Pit Rules - The guides or principles laid down to control and govern fighting dogsMonorchid - A male dog with only one testicle visible

Pit Weight - The most effective performance weight of a pit dog at a pit contest; conditioned weight; match weight

Placenta - An organ through which the fetus is nourished and waste products are removed

Plucky - Having courage or pluck

Prepotency - A strong tendency to pass on characteristics to offspring; prepotent

Prick Ear - An erect carried ear, pointed at top. Similar to bat ear

Prospect - To view a pit dogs future with potential expectations

Protector - The iron collar once placed on a bear used for baiting with dogs; a collar made to protect the neck

Pulmonary Edema - A collection of watery fluid in the lungs

Pulse - A rhythmically propelled force through arteries by the beat of the heart

Purebred - Belonging to a recognized breed kept pure for many generations

Pyosis - The formation of pus, a yellow or yellowish-white creamy matter, chiefly dead tissue

Rabies - Hydrophobia; a viral disease that affects the nervous system and damages the brain

Racy - Long, with a slight build

Rash - A skin eruption caused by a local irritation or toxic substance

Rat Tail - A thick rooted tail covered with soft curls and a hairless tip with a trimmed appearance

Recessive - A dominant character or gene buried when it develops from one parent, associated in the zygote

Red - Nearly any shade darker than buckskin and lighter than brown appearing with hue or tint resembling redness or the color red; fiery

Red Nose - A copper leather colored nose exhibited by dogs related to Old Family red nose dogs

Red Smut - A red or red brindle Scottish fighting dog smaller than a Blue Paul, now extinct in a pure form. Part of the American Pit Bull Terriers heritage. Some were fallow colored; Glasgow Smut

Register Of Merit - R.O.M.; recognized on paper as having produced champion match dogs

Reversion - The appearance of ancestral traits not found in more immediate generations of ancestors; throw back; atavism

Ribs - A forming cage of the chest

Ring - A strong circle device used for joining between a chain or swivel and an axel, pipe or stake

Ringworm - A common fungus disease affecting the skin

Ringers Lactate - A solution used for replacing electrolytes lost through bleeding, dehydration, etc.; lactated ringers; crystalloids

Roll - To prove or test gameness in a contest until a result is obtained

Roller Buckle - A device for easily installing or removing a collar

Rose Ear - An ear which folds over and back revealing the burr of the ear

Round Eyes - The shape of the eye opening

Rounding - Cutting or trimming the leather ear flap around the end or tip

Roundworm - A white spaghetti like worm, 1 to 7 inches long, that lives in the intestine

Ruff - The longer hair growth around the neck

Runt - An unusually small animal

Saddle - A marking over the back, like a saddle on a horse

Sarcoptic Mange - A disease caused by a microscopic spider-like creature called a mite that causes intense itching and small red bites

SBT - Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Scale - A device used for weighing pit dogs

Scapula - The shoulder blade

Scissor Bite - The upper incisors overlap the lower incisors snug

Scratch - A dogs willingness to cross the pit and take hold of his opponent according to the rules of the match agreed upon

Scratch Line - A line drawn across the corner of the pit from which the dog must not cross until the referee says to let go

Screw Tail - A short tail twisted in a spiral formation like a screw

Scrotum - The pouch on males which contains the testicles

Second Thigh - The leg bone between the hock and the stifle joint

Selective Breeding - To control desired characteristics, to improve and purify a strain

Semen - A fluid produced by the male generative organs containing countless spermatozoa allowing impregnation

Semi -Pricked Ears - Erect carried ears with the tips folding forward

Septum - The line which extends vertically between the nostrils

Shelly - Too narrow and light in body

Shock - Bodily prostration; exhaustion of vital powers, fluid therapy is needed

Short Coupled - Short in back and loins

Sickle Tail - Carried out and up in a semi-circle like a sickle

Sinusitis - Inflammation of a sinus gland that inhibits breathing

Snipey - A weak, long and narrow muzzle

Snowshoe Foot - Slightly webbed between the toes

Spayed - A female whose ovaries have been removed surgically

Spermatozoon - A single sperm or male gamete; spermatozoa

Splashed - Irregularly patched color on white

Splay Feet - A flat or open-toed foot; opposite of a cat foot

Spot Weight - To be lighter than the opponent

Spread - The width between the front legs

Spring Of Ribs - The roundness of the ribs

Spring Pole - A cable or rope hanging from a tree limb, 90 degree post or 45 degree angled post with a heavy spring attached, a springy 45 degree sapling pole, either having hydes, knots, overalls, tire, tube, or anything a dog can jump up and take hold of, attached to an extending cable or rope, for exercising and strengthening purposes

Staffordshire Bull Terrier - The English show version of the American Pit Bull Terrier, possessing much related ancestry and similar character with little resemblance. AKC registered since 1974, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is smaller and bred along different lines than the American Staffordshire Terrier, with the ears not cropped

Stakeholder - A person appointed to hold the forfeit and wagers for a pit contest

Stance - A manner of standing

Started - A young pit dog in the first stages of rolling, testing and training; to bump together and test preparedness

Sterility - Not able to produce live gametes

Stern - The tail; the handle

Sternum - The breast bone

Stifle - The ham; the joint of the hind leg between the thigh and the second thigh

Stilted - The up and down gait of a straight hocked dog

Stop - The step up from the nose to the skull between the eyes; the drop

Strain - A family of the same breed that is interrelated and exhibits uniformity of type which distinguishes them from other members of the same breed or other strains

Substance - Good boned, good weight, well muscled

Suture - The surgical sewing of tissues

Swayback - Concave curvature of the back between the withers and hip bones; opposite of roach back or wheel back

Swivel - A device used to allow the chain to turn when attached to a d-ring, eye-bolt, link or ring

Tapeworm - A long, flat, parasitic, segmented worm that lives in the small intestine, parts of which are passed in the stool

Teat - An organ in females through which milk is drawn for nursing pups; nipple

Telegony - The questionable influence of a preceding sire on progeny produced by a succeeding sire from the same mother

Tendon - A narrowed end of a muscle usually attached to a bone

Testis - A testicle, one of two male reproductive glands situated in the scrotum which produce spermatozoa

Thigh - The hind quarter from the hip joint to the stifle

Threadworm - A small roundworm that lives in the intestine and is able to infect dogs and man

Throatiness - Excessive loose skin under the throat

Throw Back - The appearance of ancestral traits not found in more immediate generations of ancestors; reversion

Ticked - Small isolated areas of black or colored hairs on a white dog

Ticks - There are several varieties, all are able to transmit disease

Timber - Bone, especially of the legs

Timekeeper - A person who keeps and marks the time of a pit contest

Tincture Of Iodine - An antiseptic solution, of iodine in alcohol

Tourniquet - A device for checking or stopping bleeding; a two inch wide bandage twisted tight with a stick; a pad pressed down with a twist

Treadmill - A sided rectangular designed treadle for treading a pit dog in place to exercise or condition and shape with emphasis on lungs. The most common types are carpet and slat mills; straight mill

Tulip Ear - Erect carried ear similar to prick ear but with tip drooping somewhat

Turn - When a pit dog turns his head and shoulders away from his opponent. Official turns are described different in various sets of rules

Turntable - A flat round table that turns under the dog as he treads in place for conditioning and shaping; round mill; table mill

Turn -Up - Uptilted jaw

Tusk - An old term for the canine teeth on Pit Bull dogs; fangs

UKC - United Kennel Club; an American Pit Bull Terrier registry since 1898. The American Pit Bull Terrier was the first breed registered by the UKC

Umbilical Cord - The cord which connects the fetus with the placenta; naval string

Undershot - The lower incisor teeth overlap the upper teeth of the upper jaw; under-bite; Bulldog jaw

Unit Character - A character inherited independently of other characters, on the presence of a single gene

Upper -Arm - The humerus bone of the foreleg between the shoulder blade and forearm

Uterus - A female organ for developing, holding, and protecting fetuses; the womb

Vaccinate - To inoculate with a virus to protect against its disease

Vasectomize - To render sterile by an operation other than castration

Vein - A thin walled tube for carrying blood from tissue to heart

Venipuncture - The procedure of puncturing a vein for drawing blood, administering medicine or intravenous feeding

Venoclysis - The tubing and valve commonly referred to as an IV set

Venous Bleeding - Dark red blood that flows steadily or may ooze from the wound. Apply direct pressure and tourniquet at once

Vitamin - A protein essential to growth and health

Vulva - The exterior opening or external parts of the female genitalia

Walleye - A blue eye also known as a pearl eye

Weedy - A dog too light of bone

Whelp - To bring forth young from a bitch; a puppy

Whip Tail - A stiff, straight, pointed tail

Whipworm - A whip like parasite that lives in the first part of the large intestine, cecum

Whitehead - A pure snow colored head with a different colored body

Withers - A first dorsal vertebra; the highest part of the body just behind the neck; the shoulders

Wrinkle - Loose folding skin on forehead, foreface, or skull

Wry Mouth - When the dentation and jaws don't meet exact; an overshot, undershot, grinder bite combined

Yard - A lot used to keep a yardful of dogs

Yellow - Lemon; of the color of gold

Zygote - the cell formed from a union of an ovum and a spermatozoon, two gametes, including the organism that develops from that cell, a fertilized ovum before cleavage